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Are Facial Fillers Harmful?

As a natural process, aging manifests itself in the entire human body with various factors, but most of all in the facial region. With the effect of aging; As a result of factors such as the constant work of mimic muscles, November environmental factors, gravity, smoking, the production of hyaluronic acid in the skin and the subcutaneous fat layer decreases. With the decrease in some structural elements such as collagen fibers in the skin, sagging and wrinkles begin to appear. Facial fillers are applications that are performed in order to eliminate the consequences of the negative effects of time on the facial region, which are formed together with other factors. On the subject of whether facial fillers are harmful or not, it will be possible to answer by briefly mentioning how they are basically substances and application types.

What is Facial Filler?

Temporary, permanent or semi-permanent substances that are injected under the skin to remove wrinkles, sagging and scars that occur on the skin that has lost its vitality and elasticity, and sometimes to give shape or volume to the skin tissue, are called facial fillers.

Fillers can be injected in small quantities with the help of a thin needle or cannulas with a blunt tip to the lines where wrinkles are observed, the areas where the shape is desired and the areas found suitable by the doctor. Thus, with the injected filling materials,the skin is supported to eliminate the deterioration and collapses that occur in collagen and elastin fibers.

Facial fillers, which can be injected in an average of 20-30 minutes, are applications whose results can be noticed immediately. Facial fillers are procedures that are effective in shaping the lips and facial areas, apart from the purposes of eliminating wrinkles and aging lines.

What are the Types of Facial Fillers?

Facial fillers used for aesthetic purposes basically have the following 3 types of applications:

  • Temporary Facial Fillers
  • Semi-Permanent Facial Fillers
  • Permanent Facial Fillers

Among the temporary facial fillers, the one that has the most widespread use in the world is hyaluronic acid fillers. Decongestants are the most widely used in the world.

Hyaluronic Acid Temporary Facial Fillers

Hyaluronic acid is a substance that is already naturally present in the human body. 1/3 of the hyaluronic acid, which is responsible for providing the ideal moisture in the skin and maintaining the volume, is destroyed and rebuilt every day. But in the aging process, hyaluronic acid, which is naturally produced by our body, decreases markedly and it is not possible to break down and rebuild every day. In this regard, with a decrease in the amount of hyaluronic acid in the skin, which becomes more sensitive, the water retention capacity decreases and the skin loses its elasticity. Hyaluronic acid, which has many functions in the skin, can be restored to the skin with temporary facial filler applications.

We are able to list the advantages of hyaluronic acid facial filler applications, which are naturally found in the human body, as follows;

  • Hyaluronic acid facial filler applications are an application approved by the FDA.
  • Hyaluronic acid is a safe and natural product that does not contain animal ingredients, gives volume to the place where it is injected.
  • Natural hyaluronic acid affects the water retention capacity of the skin and provides the ideal moisture ratio. Thus, by providing skin hydration, it maintains the ideal firmness level. In facial fillers, moisturizing and revitalization of the skin can be achieved by using the form of hyaluronic acid in different concentrations.
  • By injecting hyaluronic acid, collagen production, which is vital for a young-looking skin, can be supported.
  • Hyaluronic acid can also provide protection against harmful chemicals by acting as an antioxidant.

Hyaluronic acid, which is the most common temporary facial filler whose effect on the face begins to be seen immediately, is applied for an average of 4-18 months according to the selected concentration.

Semi-Permanent Face Fillers with Calcium Hydroxyapatite

These are semi-permanent facial fillers consisting of calcium hydroxyapatite microparticles and water-based gels obtained under laboratory conditions. We are able to list the characteristics of this semi-permanent facial filler, the components of which are naturally found in human tissue, as follows;

  • The structural components of calcium hydroxyapatite are calcium and phosphate ions. In this regard, this facial filler, which consists of components of substances naturally found in human tissue, is completely compatible with the skin and no allergy tests are required before treatment.
  • These substances, which can be administered with local anesthesia, are injected under the skin with a thin needle. The application takes less than 1 hour.
  • Calcium hydroxyapatite particles stimulate and support the formation of the body's own collagen after injection. Over time, it is also destroyed by the body by splitting into its components. The results, on the other hand, can be 18 months and longer, but are not permanent.

Semi-Permanent Facial Fillers Containing Polycaprolactone

Facial fillers containing polycaprolactone are dermal qualified filler products applied to stimulate the body's natural collagen production. At the same time, the polycaprolactone content, which provides a correction effect for mimic and wrinkle problems in a short time, helps to maintain the correct firmness, elasticity and softness by providing collagen production stimulation. Facial fillers made with safe polycaprolactone content, which provides the stimulation of collagen naturally present in our skin, have different versions that can be permanent from one to four years.

Semi-Permanent Face Fillers with Polylactic Acid

In the applications of polylactic acid facial fillers, substances containing skin-smoothing microparticles called polylactic acid, which work by stimulating the body's own collagen production, are injected into the skin.

With polylactic acid facial fillers, the skin can be plumped and smoothed without paralyzing the facial November or limiting the natural facial expression. The general effect of these semi-permanent facial filler applications, which are achieved gradually, helps to restore the lost facial volume and provides a natural and youthful appearance.

Permanent Facial Fillers

Permanent facial fillers are facial fillers that cannot be destroyed in any way after application and are not very preferred today due to the side effects that occur.

Permanent facial fillers cannot be destroyed after application and must be removed by surgical procedures. Although it is one of the oldest fillers, silicone can cause granuloma formation even after many years, and can cause side effects such as infection or migration.

Permanent facial fillers appear as applications whose use in the facial region has decreased considerably due to their harmful effects.